Recycle Group. Homo virtualis

21.06.2017 – 20.08.2017

Main Building


To explore augmented reality at the exhibition, please download or update the Recycle Group app: Android, iOS

The Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts presents the Recycle Group intervention exhibition.

The project “Homo Virtualis” has been specially prepared for the Pushkin Museum. It reflects artists' thoughts regarding the transformation of art perception in the mass media age. 16 objects made with different techniques will be placed in the halls of Ancient World and Middle Ages art, as well as among Renaissance sculptures of the permanent exhibition.

The Recycle Group artists play a unique game with visitors by placing their objects and sculptures in the space of a classical museum. They offer works of art that visually resemble pieces of ancient artifacts but in reality are made of polyurethane and plastic. They are actually post-industrial waste, and at the same time they are a subtle reflection about the “personal dimension” in the virtual reality age. Relics of “classical art” (or, at least, something that a modern viewer could interpret as an element of “high culture”) become a part of the “archeology of the future.” Icons of popular networks seem to brand the museum space and give sculptures additional meanings. The artists of the group ask visitors: how can we measure the authority, influence, and popularity of an individual artist or an entire museum today — using a citation index, the number of followers in social media, or the number of likes or selfies taken in front of works of art?

The exhibition includes new objects made using augmented reality, which should be viewed with a special mobile app. Using augmented reality as a new tool for art interpretation, artists formulate laws of the new figurativeness existing at the intersection of virtual and material worlds. Such objects are displayed in a classical museum next to pieces of ancient and Western European art, thus playing a game with visitors, inviting them to find unconventional and sometimes paradoxical rhymes and likenesses resonating between modernity and the classics.

Sculptures from previous projects are also presented at the intervention, including “Noah's Ark” and “Educator 12,” which were first displayed in 2015 at the “Conversion” exhibition as part of the parallel program of the 56th Venice Biennale of contemporary art. These objects of art tell about human life in virtual space: an individual can achieve digital immortality by keeping data in a cloud or using storage services.

“Homo Virtualis” demonstrates the development of the main theme of “human being/machine” in Recycle Group's creative works. Digital technologies and social networks increasingly intrude into everyday life, thus transforming an individual's understanding of the world and classical art. They form an approach to life that makes the contemporary audience ignore the difference between the high and the low, the unique and the widely reproduced. Regardless of whether it is a person, a masterpiece, or a brick wall — they are all the same in front of a smartphone lens. What used to be a revolution in figurative art in the middle of the 20th century has become an ordinary pixel code today.


Alexandra Danilova, deputy head of the Department of 19th and 20th Century European and American Art, Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts

Polina Mogilina, Triumph Gallery

Museum general partner



Informational partners

Professional informational partner


Portal Homepage

Japanese prints of the 18th-19th century

Patrons of the New Art

Gallery of 19th and 20th century European and American Art

German Prints: Albrecht Dürer and his Teachers

Official online shop

Department of Private Collections

Ivan Tsvetaev Educational Art Museum at Russian State University for the Humanities

Site under development

Виртуальные прогулки по музею

Coins And Medals Department

Sviatoslav Richter Memorial Apartment

Технология виртуальной реальности VR

Museum Restoration and Conservation Department

Italian Painting in 8th-20th centuries

Музей. Пространство внимания

Museyon Center for Aesthetic Education

Masterpieces of Ancient Art

Человек как птица. Образы путешествий

18th-19th Century British Engraving

Restoration of Egyptian burial shroud. II-nd c. AD.

The State Museum of the Modern Western Art

Engraving in Russia in 18th and Early 19th Centuries

Museum Quarter

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