Main Building

Opening hours   Tuesday, Wednesday, Saturday and Sunday: 11 AM to 8 PM
Ticket office: 11 AM to 7 PM (last tickets sold at 7 p.m.)
    Thursday, Friday: 11 AM to 9 PM
Ticket office: 11 AM to 8 PM (last tickets sold at 8 p.m.)
Closed   Monday
Answerphone   +7 (495) 697-79-98 (Russian only)
Additional information   +7 (495) 697-95-78 (Russian only)
Excursion office   +7 (495) 697-74-15 (Russian only)
Address   Moscow, Russia, Volkhonka 12
Nearest metro stations   Metro Stations Kropotkinskaya, Borovitskaya, Lenin Library

Entrance fee

Combined tickets*:

  • Main building, 19th and 20th century European and American Art Gallery: 600 rubles / 400 rubles reduced fee

*valid for the permanent collection and temporary exhibitions (except those to wich tickets should be purchased separately), tickets are valid for 2 days.

The Art of Ancient EgyptThe Art of the Ancient Near EastAncient Troy and SchliemannAntique Art. Cyprus, Ancient Greece, Etruria and Ancient RomeThe Art of the Northern Black Sea RegionHellenistic and Roman Egypt, Coptic ArtByzantine Art. Italian Art of the 13th to 16th centuriesThe Art of Germany and the Netherlands. 15th-16th centuriesThe Art of Flanders. 17th centuryRembrandt and his SchoolDutch Art of the 17th centuryThe Greek CourtyardThe Italian Courtyard

Most of the ground floor contains original works of art. Here you will find the rooms of Ancient Egypt, ancient civilizations, antique originals, the collection of European painting from thirteenth to eighteenth century, and also two rooms of plaster casts, the Greek and Italian cortyards.

Room 11. Dutch Art of the 17th century

The seventeenth century was the "Golden Age" of Dutch painting. Seven northern provinces of the Netherlands united around the largest of them – Holland – achieved victory over the Spaniards and after peace had been concluded in 1609, they were to form the first republican state in Europe.

The country was famous for its naturalists and was home to celebrated famous lawyers and historians. Yet the greatest success of all was that achieved by the painters of this small northern country. It created a vivid national school of painting, which constituted a special chapter in 17th-century art, making an indelible mark on world art as a whole.

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The predominant religion in Holland was Protestantism as propagated by Calvin. The Calvinists did away with lavish ritual in their churches, which no longer contained religious works of art, and very few Catholic churches remained. Works of art were produced mainly for public secular buildings and private homes. Pictures with biblical and Classical subjects were perceived as historical works. Easel painting was the main preoccupation for Dutch artists. There were large numbers of them at the time. Only rarely did they accept commissions: in most cases pictures were sold in markets. An English 17th-century traveller wrote: "The Fair in Rotterdam was overflowing with pictures (especially landscapes and domestic scenes)... All the houses here are stuffed with pictures and the Dutch sell them with great profit".

This Dutch art drew its inspiration both from the artistic legacy of the Netherlands and from the contemporary experience of artists in other countries of Europe, in particular Italy.

There were several centres where Dutch art was flourishing at this time, which competed with each other. Initially it was Harlem, but in the 1630s Amsterdam came to occupy the predominant position after Rembrandt had moved there in the 1630s, followed later by the university town of Leiden and serene, aristocratic Delft. The Hague was a case apart – the city where the Stadholder (chief magistrate) had his residence. A typical feature of this art was the way in which the artists used to specialize in particular genres, the emergence of which was complete in the main by the 1720s. At the beginning of the 17th century portraits were a popular genre, landscapes began to acquire a national flavour and in the 1630s peasant scenes and still lifes were the focus of attention. By the middle of the 17th century domestic scenes drawn from everyday life occupied pride of place in Dutch art.