Main Building

Opening hours   Tuesday, Wednesday, Saturday and Sunday: 11 AM to 8 PM
Ticket office: 11 AM to 7 PM (last tickets sold at 7 p.m.)
    Thursday, Friday: 11 AM to 9 PM
Ticket office: 11 AM to 8 PM (last tickets sold at 8 p.m.)
Closed   Monday
Answerphone   +7 (495) 697-79-98 (Russian only)
Additional information   +7 (495) 697-95-78 (Russian only)
Excursion office   +7 (495) 697-74-15 (Russian only)
Address   Moscow, Russia, Volkhonka 12
Nearest metro stations   Metro Stations Kropotkinskaya, Borovitskaya, Lenin Library

Entrance fee

Combined tickets*:

  • Main building, 19th and 20th century European and American Art Gallery: 600 rubles / 400 rubles reduced fee

*valid for the permanent collection and temporary exhibitions (except those to wich tickets should be purchased separately), tickets are valid for 2 days.

The Art of Ancient EgyptThe Art of the Ancient Near EastAncient Troy and SchliemannAntique Art. Cyprus, Ancient Greece, Etruria and Ancient RomeThe Art of the Northern Black Sea RegionHellenistic and Roman Egypt, Coptic ArtByzantine Art. Italian Art of the 13th to 16th centuriesThe Art of Germany and the Netherlands. 15th-16th centuriesThe Art of Flanders. 17th centuryRembrandt and his SchoolDutch Art of the 17th centuryThe Greek CourtyardThe Italian Courtyard

Most of the ground floor contains original works of art. Here you will find the rooms of Ancient Egypt, ancient civilizations, antique originals, the collection of European painting from thirteenth to eighteenth century, and also two rooms of plaster casts, the Greek and Italian cortyards.

Room 3. Ancient Troy and Schliemann's excavations

The collection, consisting of 259 items and often referred to as "Trojan Gold" or "Priam's Treasure", has been held in the Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts since 1945. It comprises objects from hoards discovered by Heinrich Schliemann during his excavations in Troy in 1872-1890. They include various pieces of jewellery, vessels, anthropomorphic figures, hammer-axes and artefacts fashioned from rock crystal. Objects from 13 of the 17 hoards held in Berlin after 1881 ended up in Moscow. Those which in 1939 were designated by German experts as belonging to the "irreplaceable" category were mainly objects made of precious metals and stones. Other items from the same hoards fashioned for the most part from bronze and clay are held in the State Hermitage Museum. Objects from Treasures (hoards) A,B,D,E,F,Ha,Hb,J,K,L,N,O and R and also some isolated finds are exhibited in this Gallery.

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'A' is the largest and most interesting of the Treasures. It consisted of 183 objects, of which 101 are held in the Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts. It included 19 vessels made of gold and silver and in one of these two gold diadems were found, a forehead band, earrings in the shape of small baskets, temple rings, bracelets, torques and also numerous gold beads and pendants.

The two diadems – the Large and the Small Diadem, made up of hundreds of tiny elements – number among the most remarkable works of ancient art (showcases № 8 and 9). The earrings fashioned in the shape of tiny baskets, to which pendants reminiscent of 'idols' (showcase № 7) are attached on tiny chains, stand out on account of their striking delicacy. Pendants fashioned in all manner of shapes also hang from the strings of gold beads (showcase № 7). Unfortunately it is not known what these particular items of jewellery looked like in antiquity. The beads were strung together arbitrarily back in Schliemann's day and then attached at each end with the seal of red sealing-wax on which the letter 'S' was impressed. It is possible that this was Schliemann's own seal, but it is also possible that they belonged to Hubert Schmidt, who compiled the first catalogue of the collection.

Among the vessels found in Treasure 'A' the so-called anthropomorphic ones stand out, which have been forged from whole pieces of thin silver, which have lids, or stylized 'heads', that can be removed (showcase № 1). Straps were inserted through the vertical openings on the caps and handles of the vessels, which held the lids in place. It is most likely that aromatic oils and fragrances were kept in them. A spherical gold vessel with a short narrow neck (showcase № 6) could well have been designed for the same purpose. On its surface traces of three tiers of vertically arranged rhombi can be discerned in some places. It is assumed that these are impressions from a net made of organic material in which the vessel, without a flat base, would have been suspended.

An equally remarkable work of art is the unique gold boat-shaped vessel with two spouts, sometimes referred to as a 'sauce-boat' (showcase №14). Certain metal vessels and fragments of pottery ones are of similar shape, yet there are no exact parallels for this 'sauce-boat'. It is most likely that the vessel had been designed for ritual ceremonies and, like the anthropomorphic vessels showing traces of repair, had been used over a long period: thus it may well have been that in antiquity one of the spouts was re-forged and rather carelessly.

Among the five bracelets in the collection, one from Treasure 'F' (showcase № 4) stands out in particular. The broad band of the bracelet is decorated with rows of spiral patterns and rosettes. As regards to the way this decoration has been executed, it is reminiscent of the head of a gold pin embellished with six miniature two-handled vessels (Treasure 'O'; showcase № 4). Each tiny amphora is made up of seven elements welded together.

A special place among the Trojan hoards belongs to Treasure 'L' found by Schliemann not long before his death in 1890. It included four ceremonial hammer-axes (showcase № 15) and various objects made of rock crystal, including six mace terminals or sword handles, and also round plates so-called 'lenses' (showcase № 16). On some of the lenses there are traces of iron and bronze oxides, which has led certain scholars to regard them as plates from a bronze belt or casket, while others have suggested that the lenses served as counters for a game. Finally the large round 'lense' could have been used as a magnifying glass, since it magnifies everything roughly twice over. Exceptional importance is attached to the hammer-axes. One is made of blue lazurite and three are made of nephritoid and jadeite. Schliemann himself considered them more significant than everything else found at Troy. The upper parts of the axes are decorated with rows of knobs and ridges in relief imitating the decoration used for metal objects. Traces of gilding have been found on the knobs of two of the axes. The careful polished surfaces, the curved blades, traces of gilding and also the actual materials were used to indicate the ceremonial character of these axes, which had probably been made in Troy itself. Axes of a similar shape were well-known in the middle and second half of the III millennium BC, but these specimens from Troy are superior to them, because of the skilled working of the stone and also the manner of their decoration.