Main Building

Opening hours   Tuesday, Wednesday, Saturday and Sunday: 11 AM to 8 PM
Ticket office: 11 AM to 7 PM (last tickets sold at 7 p.m.)
    Thursday, Friday: 11 AM to 9 PM
Ticket office: 11 AM to 8 PM (last tickets sold at 8 p.m.)
Closed   Monday
Answerphone   +7 (495) 697-79-98 (Russian only)
Additional information   +7 (495) 697-95-78 (Russian only)
Excursion office   +7 (495) 697-74-15 (Russian only)
Address   Moscow, Russia, Volkhonka 12
Nearest metro stations   Metro Stations Kropotkinskaya, Borovitskaya, Lenin Library

Entrance fee

Combined tickets*:

  • Main building, 19th and 20th century European and American Art Gallery: 600 rubles / 400 rubles reduced fee

*valid for the permanent collection and temporary exhibitions (except those to wich tickets should be purchased separately), tickets are valid for 2 days.

The Art of Ancient EgyptThe Art of the Ancient Near EastAncient Troy and SchliemannAntique Art. Cyprus, Ancient Greece, Etruria and Ancient RomeThe Art of the Northern Black Sea RegionHellenistic and Roman Egypt, Coptic ArtByzantine Art. Italian Art of the 13th to 16th centuriesThe Art of Germany and the Netherlands. 15th-16th centuriesThe Art of Flanders. 17th centuryRembrandt and his SchoolDutch Art of the 17th centuryThe Greek CourtyardThe Italian Courtyard

Most of the ground floor contains original works of art. Here you will find the rooms of Ancient Egypt, ancient civilizations, antique originals, the collection of European painting from thirteenth to eighteenth century, and also two rooms of plaster casts, the Greek and Italian cortyards.

Room 6. Hellenistic and Roman Egypt, Coptic Art

This gallery contains a small part of the objects relating mainly to the Graeco-Roman period in Egyptian history (4th century BC to the 4th century AD) and a collection of Coptic textiles (4th-8th century AD).

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The items on display which relate to the Graeco-Roman period provide eloquent witness to the penetration of new sculptural techniques into the funerary rites of the Ancient Egyptians. This applies, in particular, to the polychrome masks of the 1st and 2nd centuries AD, which while retaining their original function – namely serving as a receptacle for the soul of the deceased – are comparable in significance to Roman sculpted portraits. Masks like this used to be laid out on the mummy in such a way that the head was slightly raised: the eyes were encrusted with glass-like paste and the hair-styles corresponded to the Roman fashion of the Imperial era.

Among the exhibits from the Roman period attention should be drawn first of all to the collection of Fayum portraits. This is one of the most famous collections in the world and it provides us with an idea of what Fayum portraits were like over the whole of their development in the first three centuries AD. All the portraits displayed here have been executed in a complex and skilful manner and in bright colours: they are expressive and authentic portrait images. These portraits convey to us at one and the same time the beliefs of the Ancient Egyptians and also the painting techniques and style used in the art of portraiture in Ancient Rome. They have been created using the tempera technique or that of painting in wax on thin boards of cypress wood. When a person died, the portrait would be laid out on the face of the mummy and held in place by bandages. Sometimes the portrait would be inserted into the hole at the position of the face in the shroud. A shroud of this kind from the 2nd century AD is exhibited opposite the entrance into the gallery.

The gallery also contains examples of Coptic textiles, which were made by Egyptian Christians. Church hangings, cloaks and tunics were decorated with woven patterns or with decorative inserts woven into cloth: they were worked in woollen threads on a woollen or linen base. The subjects were extremely varied: we find depictions of animals, birds, hunting scenes, ornamental compositions and scenes from the Bible. For early textiles a rich range of colours is typical: late textiles tend to be more monochrome. Descendants of the Ancient Egyptians, when they adopted Christianity, were skilled masters when it came to making patterned textiles, which were widespread from the 4th to the 8th century.